December 3, 2012

How to design a beautiful CSS3 search form

Search box on site is one of the elements most frequently used. If you want to improve user experience in a simple way, and make it easy to search and find content for your users, then you have to add a search form on your website..

So, today we’re going to cover how to style a search form using the most exciting CSS3 features.

View demo

The markup

Below you’ll find the HTML used for this search form. Note the HTML5-specific

placeholder

and

required

attributes.

While I initially wished to use the HTML5′s

type="search"

for the search

input

, I gave up because of cross browser inconsistency. For now, apparently you need to add some extra CSS lines to override the defaults.

 

The CSS

Here are the minimal styles used to create this beautiful CSS3 search form:

.form-wrapper {
	width: 650px;
	padding: 8px;
	margin: 100px auto;
	overflow: hidden;
	border-width: 1px;
	border-style: solid;
	border-color: #dedede #bababa #aaa #bababa;
	-moz-box-shadow: 0 3px 3px rgba(255,255,255,.1), 0 3px 0 #bbb, 0 4px 0 #aaa, 0 5px 5px #444;
	-webkit-box-shadow: 0 3px 3px rgba(255,255,255,.1), 0 3px 0 #bbb, 0 4px 0 #aaa, 0 5px 5px #444;
	box-shadow: 0 3px 3px rgba(255,255,255,.1), 0 3px 0 #bbb, 0 4px 0 #aaa, 0 5px 5px #444;
	-moz-border-radius: 10px;
	-webkit-border-radius: 10px;
	border-radius: 10px;    
	background-color: #f6f6f6;
	background-image: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(#f6f6f6), to(#eae8e8)); 
	background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(top, #f6f6f6, #eae8e8);
	background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(top, #f6f6f6, #eae8e8);
	background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(top, #f6f6f6, #eae8e8);
	background-image: -o-linear-gradient(top, #f6f6f6, #eae8e8);
	background-image: linear-gradient(top, #f6f6f6, #eae8e8);
}

.form-wrapper #search {
	width: 530px;
	height: 20px;
	padding: 10px 5px;
	float: left;    
	font: bold 16px 'lucida sans', 'trebuchet MS', 'Tahoma';
	border: 1px solid #ccc;
	-moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 1px #ddd inset, 0 1px 0 #fff;
	-webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 1px #ddd inset, 0 1px 0 #fff;
	box-shadow: 0 1px 1px #ddd inset, 0 1px 0 #fff;
	-moz-border-radius: 3px;
	-webkit-border-radius: 3px;
	border-radius: 3px;      
}

.form-wrapper #search:focus {
	outline: 0; 
	border-color: #aaa;
	-moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 1px #bbb inset;
	-webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 1px #bbb inset;
	box-shadow: 0 1px 1px #bbb inset;  
}

.form-wrapper #search::-webkit-input-placeholder {
   color: #999;
   font-weight: normal;
}

.form-wrapper #search:-moz-placeholder {
	color: #999;
	font-weight: normal;
}

.form-wrapper #search:-ms-input-placeholder {
        color: #999;
        font-weight: normal;
} 

.form-wrapper #submit {
	float: right;    
	border: 1px solid #00748f;
	height: 42px;
	width: 100px;
	padding: 0;
	cursor: pointer;
	font: bold 15px Arial, Helvetica;
	color: #fafafa;
	text-transform: uppercase;    
	background-color: #0483a0;
	background-image: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(#31b2c3), to(#0483a0));
	background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(top, #31b2c3, #0483a0);
	background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(top, #31b2c3, #0483a0);
	background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(top, #31b2c3, #0483a0);
	background-image: -o-linear-gradient(top, #31b2c3, #0483a0);
	background-image: linear-gradient(top, #31b2c3, #0483a0);
	-moz-border-radius: 3px;
	-webkit-border-radius: 3px;
	border-radius: 3px;      
	text-shadow: 0 1px 0 rgba(0, 0 ,0, .3);
	-moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.3) inset, 0 1px 0 #fff;
	-webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.3) inset, 0 1px 0 #fff;
	box-shadow: 0 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.3) inset, 0 1px 0 #fff;
}
  
.form-wrapper #submit:hover,
.form-wrapper #submit:focus {		
	background-color: #31b2c3;
	background-image: -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, from(#0483a0), to(#31b2c3));
	background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(top, #0483a0, #31b2c3);
	background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(top, #0483a0, #31b2c3);
	background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(top, #0483a0, #31b2c3);
	background-image: -o-linear-gradient(top, #0483a0, #31b2c3);
	background-image: linear-gradient(top, #0483a0, #31b2c3);
}	
  
.form-wrapper #submit:active {
	outline: 0;    
	-moz-box-shadow: 0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5) inset;
	-webkit-box-shadow: 0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5) inset;
	box-shadow: 0 1px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5) inset;    
}
  
.form-wrapper #submit::-moz-focus-inner {
	border: 0;
}

Browser support

Below you can find some screenshots with the search form. You’ll notice that it degrades really nice across older browsers. I would add that this CSS3 search form is a ready-to-use one.

Modern browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, IE10:

Please note that, at this time, Opera supports the HTML5

placeholder

attribute but is not styleable for now.

A good news is that Internet Explorer 10 will also support the HTML5 placeholder.

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